Gynaecology

Endometriosis and Fertility

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a benign, inflammatory, chronic and incurable disease that affects the health and fertility of nearly 180 million women worldwide. To get a global idea, it affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age. Although it is an increasingly known disease  in our society, there is still a large part of the […]

2020-06-29T18:48:12+02:0029 de June de 2020|0 Comments

Embryo implantation bleeding

What is implantation bleeding?

Implantation is the process
through which an embryo starts its development in the maternal uterus and it
sometimes causes a bleeding. The implantation is caused by the growth of the
embryo -which is already in blastocyst stage
by the moment it arrives to the endometrium- enabling it to implant in the
walls of the uterus, and thus, […]

2020-07-09T18:01:26+02:0015 de June de 2020|0 Comments

Assisted Reproduction in Islam

Up until the past decade, assisted reproduction in the
Muslim world has been a taboo topic. Answers could not be found in the Quran,
and believers were unsure. 

Over the years, the great experts of Islam have been solving various doubts about assisted reproduction techniques. These precepts have been included in the set of laws of Islam […]

2020-06-01T12:54:47+02:001 de June de 2020|0 Comments

Donor selection at Instituto Bernabeu: a very special and comprehensive care

Gamete donation plays a crucial role for a considerable number of patients willing to start a family and seeking the help of assisted reproduction techniques. These patients place their trust in the professionalism of Instituto Bernabeu in order to select the safest and most appropriate donor for them.

Gamete donation is a generous gesture that […]

2020-05-25T12:48:24+02:0022 de May de 2020|0 Comments

A negative beta hCG test. Now what?

What happens following the wait (‘the beta hCG wait’) which generates so much anxiety whilst, at the same time, creating the hope that our lives may be changed forever when, in the end, the result is negative?

Many patients say that the absence of symptoms meant that they knew what was coming; Others were also expecting the worst because they had begun to bleed prior to getting the result of the analysis.

Presence or absence of pregnancy symptoms

It’s important to point out that the presence, or absence of ‘symptoms’ which women associate with pregnancy, are not a means of diagnosis. It’s also important to clarify that vaginal bleeding of varying intensity is not infrequent prior to the programmed pregnancy test date and this does not necessarily mean that the result will be negative. Indeed, the results obtained from an analysis of the pregnancy hormone in blood, is the only reliable proof available. A urine analysis is also an option, but needs to be carried out a little later on and is not one hundred percent reliable.

[…]

2020-06-29T17:23:56+02:0017 de May de 2020|0 Comments

Genetics in premature ovarian failure and menopause

Oocytes are the female gametes, cells that, upon being fertilised by the sperm, will produce an embryo. In humans, the number of oocytes that females have throughout their lives is not unlimited; they are born instead with a limited number. These oocytes gradually run out in each menstruation until their supply becomes completely exhausted at menopause.

It is said that women suffer from premature ovarian failure when menstruation ceases because the oocyte supply has become exhausted at an earlier age than the age when the natural decline of ovarian function occurs (at 50, approximately). In cases where oocytes are still produced in women suffering from premature ovarian failure, they do not respond satisfactorily to the hormones responsible for their development and maturation.

Premature ovarian failure may have important consequences for women:

Obviously, in their fertility: These women cannot conceive naturally and require assisted reproduction techniques in order to bear offspring. These patients also have a high risk that their oocytes will not respond to the In Vitro Fertilisation cycle, thus putting the success of the treatment in danger.On the other hand, the absence of female hormones due to low ovarian activity has serious consequences for health, mainly in cases of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis.

[…]

2020-05-27T16:31:11+02:005 de May de 2020|0 Comments

Blocked fallopian tube. The involvement of “tubal factor” in fertility

The Fallopian tubes are trumpet-shaped structures that begin in the uterine cavity and end up opening by the ovaries. After ovulation, the fallopian tubes collect the released egg that is fertilized on the first portion, which is the closest part to the ovary. For this, the spermatozoa travel through the vagina, the cervix, the uterine cavity, and finally the route to the end of the tube. After fertilization occurs, the embryo (fertilized egg) launches its first divisions and travels through the fallopian tube towards the uterus where implantation occur and thus the establishment of pregnancy.

[…]

2020-07-02T13:49:21+02:004 de May de 2020|0 Comments

Hysterosalpingographies versus sonohysterographies

Issues in a woman’s Fallopian tubes can lead to sterility.

Abnormalities in the Fallopian tubes (generally
obstructions) can make the encounter between the ovum and the spermatozoon, as
well as embryo implantation, difficult or even impossible.

The are several available techniques for analysing
the condition of a woman’s Fallopian tubes. The ones that are most commonly
used are hysterosalpinographies and sonohysterographies.

What is a
hysterosalpinography (HSG)?

Hysterosalpinographies
(HSGs) […]

2020-04-09T19:09:05+02:009 de April de 2020|0 Comments

Coronavirus and Endometriosis

The pandemic we are currently experiencing due to the new coronavirus COVID-19 has obviously overshadowed everything else. Still, we do not want to forget that this month is an important month for those who suffer from endometriosis. Endometriosis is a chronic, painful, and incurable disease. We know that one of the possible causes of the […]

2020-03-25T12:42:31+02:0024 de March de 2020|0 Comments

How does coronavirus (COVID-19) affect pregnant women?

On March 17 the SEGO (Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics) sent to all of its associates the Technical Document for the Management of pregnant women and newborns with COVID-19.

They are,
it warned, recommendations being reviewed continuously, subject to modification
if the epidemiological situation and the therapeutic options require it. The
document stated the following:

Management of a COVID-19 […]

2020-03-20T15:13:03+02:0020 de March de 2020|0 Comments
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