The latest in pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis(PGD) consists of studying chromosomalabnormalities and genetic abnormalities in the embryo prior to transfer to the mother. Itspurpose is to ensure that children are healthy and to bring thetransmission of a given condition to an end.

Significant progress that has revolutionised this area ofreproductive medicine has been made over the last few years and specificallywith regards to one type […]

2018-12-17T18:43:53+00:0028 de December de 2018|0 Comments

Obesity and fertility

The extent of the issue
Obesity is a public health issue both in the general population and in women of childbearing age. The figures are a proof of this and, far from improving, the problem has been getting progressively worse over the last few years.
Maternal obesity in the United States of America was calculated to be 7% in 1980 and had risen up to 24% by 1999. If we take into account both obesity and excess weight, the available data indicates that the figures were 37.1% in 1999 and 40.5% in 2003.
The NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) reveals obesity figures (BMI or body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) in women of reproductive age (20 to 39 years of age) of 31.9%.
In other words, one in every three women of a fertile age is obese. […]

2018-12-07T10:06:37+00:007 de December de 2018|0 Comments

DNA fragmentation in sperm: TUNEL

When a couple fails to get pregnant or has an unsuccessful pregnancy, a number of tests performed on both partners is recommended. One of the basic tests in analysis of the male partner involves performing a seminogram or spermiogram that provides us with an initial indication of semen quality. This information can be supplemented with a sperm DNA fragmentation analysis, should this be considered necessary.
The DNA fragmentation test is a technique that supplements a study of the male factor in certain cases. […]

2018-11-28T09:56:53+00:0030 de November de 2018|0 Comments

What is a hysterosalpingography?

A hysterosalpingography is an examination using x-rays and, as its name suggests, it is used for exploring the uterus (hystero-) and fallopian tubes (salpingo-).
The examination is rather uncomfortable but this is remedied by giving the patient some form of pain relief or muscle relaxant before proceeding. An alternative test called a hysterosonography does now exist, too. It is pain free, does not require the use of x-rays and, furthermore, obtains the same results as a hysterosalpingography. Nowadays, hysterosonographies are the preferred choice over hysterosalpingographies. This technique can be performed at Instituto Bernabeu and the results are provided immediately. […]

2018-09-28T09:08:28+00:0028 de September de 2018|0 Comments

What are the causes of recurrent pregnancy loss?

Spontaneous abortion is defined as an unexpected pregnancy loss before the foetus is viable. In other words, before week 22 of pregnancy and under 500g in weight. The frequency rate of spontaneous abortion is estimated to be between 15 and 20% amongst the general population and it is the most common of all complications during pregnancy.
A small percentage (between 2 and 5%) of cases are recurrent and this is what is known as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). […]

2018-09-11T17:49:04+00:0014 de September de 2018|0 Comments

Assisted hatching

Assisted hatching is a laboratory technique that consists of making a small hole in the zona pellucida, the membrane surrounding the embryo, in order to make it easier for the embryo to hatch out (something that naturally needs to happen) and implant in the uterus. […]

2018-07-02T18:35:44+00:0020 de July de 2018|0 Comments

Antiphospholipid Syndrome: What is it? How does it affect pregnancy?

Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system of our organism to combat possible infections of viral or bacterial origin. In some diseases, the immune system produces antibodies that, erroneously, attack the tissues of our own body. The result of this attack is the appearance of what are known as autoimmune diseases. […]

2018-06-12T09:06:25+00:0015 de June de 2018|1 Comment

I’m not getting pregnant. Why not? What can I do about it?

If you have been trying to get pregnant for a year or more without success, it’s time to search for an expert’s advice. […]

2018-06-04T09:57:30+00:0025 de May de 2018|0 Comments

What is a progesterone deficit? Administration and side effects

Progesterone is one of the most important hormones in a woman’s metabolism and fertility. It is produced by the ovaries following ovulation during a normal menstrual cycle but when a woman is pregnant the placenta takes over responsibility for production. Its main roles consist of preparing the endometrium (internal layer of the uterus) for implanting a fertilised ovum and sustaining pregnancies.  It also plays an important role when a woman is breastfeeding because it helps to prepare the mammary glands for milk production. […]

2018-01-08T11:02:33+00:0012 de January de 2018|0 Comments

The role of seminal fluid in improving fertility treatment

There are two parts to semen: spermatozoa and the seminal fluid that the spermatozoa use as their means of travel.
Seminal fluid has traditionally been attributed the role of a simple means of transportation. However, many years ago, it started to become clear that exposure to seminal fluid with no spermatozoa content improved in vitro fertilisation results and the results in couples experiencing recurrent pregnancy loss.
Increased proof of this improvement in results has emerged over the last few months, as indicated in the recent scientific publications referenced at the end of this post. These pieces of scientific work confirm early observations and explain the reasons why. […]

2017-12-20T10:23:13+00:0022 de December de 2017|0 Comments
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