Fertility

What is a hydrosalpinx and how will it affect my fertility?

The tubes connecting the ovaries and the uterus are known as the Fallopian tubes (or uterine tubes). These structures play an essential role in natural reproduction and are responsible for receiving the egg each month and, furthermore, it is here that the union between egg and sperm takes place (fertilisation). They also enable the resulting embryo to be transported to the uterus which is where pregnancy will take place.

A hydrosalpinx is the result of an obstruction at the far ends of the Fallopian tubes which leads to the area becoming filled with liquid. This can lead to the Fallopian tubes becoming very swollen and distended, resulting in a ‘sausage-like’ appearance. In many cases, the obstruction and the liquid that has accumulated impair correct functioning of the Fallopian tube: semen does not travel up, the egg is not received by the tube and fertilisation does not take place, making achieving a natural pregnancy complicated (particularly so if both Fallopian tubes are affected). Alternatively, a hydrosalpinx can lead to pregnancy occurring within the tubes themselves (ectopic pregnancy).

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2020-09-01T17:32:23+02:0020 de August de 2020|0 Comments

Double stimulation: is it possible to recover more oocytes in patients with low ovarian reserve?

The double ovarian stimulation or DuoStim is an ovarian stimulation protocol in which two stimulations and two oocyte collections are performed during a single menstrual cycle (approximately 28 days). It consists of first stimulation in the follicular phase and a second stimulation in the luteal phase.

In what cases is DuoStim indicated?

The patients who benefit most […]

2020-08-25T09:41:58+02:0027 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Semen quality parameters according to the World Health Organisation (WHO)

The spermiogram is a basic tool that provides us with some of the best information to assess male fertility. It is also very useful in order to formulate a personalized treatment plan for the couple.

Conventional analysis of the semen quality, or semen analysis, is the basic routine tool that provides information about the male reproductive […]

2020-08-14T10:21:50+02:0017 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Fertility Treatment Medication

There are many drugs that are used when a couple undergoes a fertility treatment (IVF, insemination, egg donation, etc.). Some are very simple to use and have virtually no side effects and others are more complex and have greater side effects.

We shall now discuss the most commonly used drugs, what they are and their side […]

2020-07-20T16:47:31+02:0017 de July de 2020|Comments Off on Fertility Treatment Medication

Is ovary size important?

As is the case with all the organs in our bodies, over our lifetime, ovaries go through changes that affect not only their size but also how they perform. The ovaries are situated between the uterus and the fallopian tubes. They are essential to reproduction and, therefore, to the survival of the human race.

The ovaries begin to develop when female embryos are around 8 weeks old and during pregnancy they undergo a number of changes that prepare them for their role in reproduction when a woman is in her childbearing years.

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2020-08-18T09:52:44+02:0016 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Poor Ovarian Response: progress in genetics

Ovarian stimulation is key in results obtained as a results of assisted reproduction techniques. Daily clinical practice shows us that ovarian response can vary substantially from one woman to another. With this in mind, we can diagnose a patient as a poor responder when three eggs or less are obtained.

This situation affects more and more women every day. They require specialised healthcare and personalised protocols and, in response to this need, Instituto Bernabeu has a Poor Ovarian Response Unit that deals with multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.

For patients under this category, obtaining one or more eggs can mean the difference between failure and pregnancy and this makes any steps taken to increase the number of available eggs absolutely essential.

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2020-08-18T10:43:39+02:0015 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH): Know the age of your ovary

What is Anti-Müllerian hormone?

It is a protein that plays a key role in sexual
differentiation during the foetal stage. In males, it is produced by a specific
type of testicular cell (Sertoli cells). In the presence of this hormone, the
development of the male phenotype begins. However, when the Anti-Müllerian hormone
is absent, the differentiation of certain female structures […]

2020-08-06T12:02:18+02:006 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Endometrial polyps: what are they, how are they formed and what are the symptoms and treatment?

What are endometrial or uterine polyps?

Endometrial polyps are cell formations that project from the
endometrial cavity.

They are a common gynaecological pathology experienced by 20%
of women. They appear most commonly in women aged between 40 and 65.
However, women of all ages can have them.

They contain endometrial glands, stroma and blood vessels. They
attach to the uterine wall across […]

2020-09-01T12:27:15+02:004 de July de 2020|0 Comments

What is ovarian reserve? What role does it play in fertility?

What is ovarian reserve?

Ovarian reserve can be defined as the number of ova in a woman’s
ovaries at any given point during her childbearing years.

In the case of men, spermatozoa production remains constant between puberty and senescence.  Recent studies confirm that spermatozoa quantity and quality can diminish over time. However, men generally remain fertile throughout their […]

2020-09-01T13:24:16+02:003 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Endometriosis and Fertility

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a benign, inflammatory, chronic and incurable disease that affects the health and fertility of nearly 180 million women worldwide. To get a global idea, it affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age. Although it is an increasingly known disease  in our society, there is still a large part of the […]

2020-06-29T18:48:12+02:0029 de June de 2020|0 Comments
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