AIDS. Assisted reproduction is the best option

The risk of contracting HIV during unprotected sexual intercourse is estimated to be between 0.5 and 1%. For serodiscordant couples (one partner is a carrier), trying for a child naturally can entail an elevated risk of transmission. In cases such as these, assisted reproduction techniques are an excellent choice for getting pregnant without the risk […]

2019-01-11T10:57:28+00:0011 de January de 2019|0 Comments

Embryonic development: the embryo on day 1 (D1)

When an oocyte is in an optimum state of maturation, ovulation takes place. This is known as day 0 of development (D0) and fertilisation by a competent spermatozoon must take place during this period.

When the oocyte is fertilised, it is then known as a zygote and
we are now on D1 of development. Certain characteristics and essential
structures need […]

2019-01-04T09:51:56+00:004 de January de 2019|0 Comments

Embryo fragmentation

Embryo fragmentation is a phenomenon that takes place in most embryos and its origin is not entirely clear. Some studies would seem to suggest that the fragments come from cell remains that have no nucleus or that they are the result of the decomposition of one or more cells from the embryo itself. The oocyte plays the most important role in fragmentation. Poor oocyte quality can lead to embryos that are highly fragmented. Embryo quality is determined by several characteristics such as the number of cells, their size or if the cell interior has an abnormality of any kind such as granularity or vacuolisation. However, one of the factors that has most impact on embryo quality is the extent of fragmentation. Based on the amount, in percentage, of space that it occupies, fragmentation is categorised into 4 types or degrees. […]

2018-12-17T11:07:30+00:0021 de December de 2018|0 Comments

The importance of embryo nutrition in achieving a successful cycle of in vitro fertilisation (IVF): metabolomics

One of the main limitations of assisted reproduction techniques are its embryo implantation failure rates. The implantation rate is the embryo’s ability to implant in the mother’s uterus. In other words, not all embryos are able to give rise to a pregnancy. Some have a greater chance of doing so than others. If it were possible to select embryos with the greatest ability to implant, it would be possible to improve assisted reproduction technique success rates. […]

2018-12-14T10:23:05+00:0014 de December de 2018|0 Comments

Infertility in men and cryptorchidism

Cryptorchidism, from the Greek words kriptos (hidden) and orquis (testicle), is the failure of one or both testes to descend to the scrotum. It is estimated that between 2 and 5% of newborn boys have this abnormality although the figure rises to 30% when premature boys are taken into account. In many cases, the issue resolves itself naturally and, as a result, at one year of age, only 1% of boys have the condition. […]

2018-11-21T10:23:53+00:0023 de November de 2018|0 Comments

The impact of Turner syndrome on women

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by partial or total loss of one of the X chromosomes.
All human beings have 23 pairs of chromosomes and this is what is known as the karyotype. It is where all genetic information is stored. In other words, it is what determines our external appearance, our personal physical characteristics, how our organs work, whether or not we will have certain illnesses and so on. There are 22 pairs of numerical chromosomes ranging from 1 to 22 and one pair of sex chromosomes: X and Y. Women have two X chromosomes – one from their father and one from their mother. Men have one X chromosome – from their mother – and one Y chromosome – from their father. If, when a female embryo is generated, incorrect division leading to total or partial loss of the X chromosome takes place, this generates an abnormal karyotype that is characteristic of women with Turner syndrome. The syndrome, by definition, does not occur in males because they only have one X chromosome and cannot live unless this chromosome is present. […]

2018-11-14T11:19:07+00:0016 de November de 2018|0 Comments

Is there hope for me following fertilisation failure after ICSI?

In vitro fertilisation treatment (IVF) techniques consist of fertilising oocytes with spermatozoa in a laboratory. They are held under conditions that are similar to their natural environment and, a few days later, the best embryo is selected and placed in the woman’s uterus where it remains until it implants. From this point on, monitoring procedures are the same as in any other spontaneous or natural pregnancy. […]

2018-11-02T14:19:35+00:002 de November de 2018|0 Comments

Can I take my frozen embryos, oocytes or spermatozoa with me?

In in vitro fertilisation (IVF) laboratories, embryo cryopreservation (freezing) the viable embryos that remain following embryo transfer or when transfer is postponed is common practice. Cryopreservation of sperm samples has also been common practice for years and oocyte freezing has joined this list more recently. […]

2018-10-24T09:12:06+00:0026 de October de 2018|0 Comments

The impact of cannabis on semen

Today’s post aims to explain the conclusions drawn from research performed by the Biology Department at Instituto Bernabeu in Alicante in collaboration with the Biotechnology Department at the University of Alicante. The work in question was awarded the ICIRA prize for research. The study looked into the effects of cannabinoids (marijuana derivatives) and substances that are produced by our organisms (endocannabinoids) on male fertility. […]

2018-10-08T17:23:32+00:0011 de October de 2018|0 Comments

Seminal lavage: what is it and what is it used for?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis B (HBV) are viruses that are transmitted through blood and body fluids as well as through vertical transmission (from the mother to the foetus).  As a result, couples wishing to get pregnant in which one partner is a carrier of a virus are faced with the question of whether or not it is possible to do so without the other partner getting infected. If the male partner has one of these viruses and his female partner does not (serodiscordant couples), assisted reproduction technology (ART) can be used in order to avoid transmission. […]

2018-10-03T09:50:57+00:005 de October de 2018|0 Comments
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