Forum/Blog

The latest advances and professional information, proven and reliable on fertility and assisted reproduction, gynaecology, genetics, embryology, endocrinology and urology, written by the medical professionals of Instituto Bernabeu.

10 things you should know if you want to freeze your eggs

1 . Does it hurt?
Egg Retrieval is painless. It is carried out by means of a simple vaginal procedure, and the patient is lightly sedated.
2. What’s the right age for preserving my eggs?
Whilst there is no minimum nor maximum age, it is advisable to undergo the procedure before 35 years of age in order to obtain a sufficient number of good quality eggs because, from 35 years of age onwards, there tends to be a decrease in both their quantity and quality. […]

2018-05-15T09:58:43+00:0018 de May de 2018|0 Comments

Can we have a healthy child if we have hepatitis?

Hepatitis is severe or chronic inflammation of the liver.
There are several possible causes including infections (viral, bacterial or parasitic).
The most common cause is a viral infection and, within these, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses are of particular relevance. It is possible to get infected as a result of contact in blood and contaminated objects (unsterilised surgical material, syringes or needles), due to sexual transmission through mucous membranes and so-called vertical transmission (transmission from mother to child, particularly during childbirth). The chances of this type of transmission are the same in both vaginal and caesarean births. […]

2018-05-10T09:21:56+00:0010 de May de 2018|0 Comments

Tobacco and semen quality

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nowadays between 10 and 15% of couples have fertility issues and between 30 and 35% of the reasons for infertility can be found in the male partner. Therefore, improving semen quality is one of the main concerns amongst couples with reproduction issues. […]

2018-05-03T17:24:58+00:004 de May de 2018|0 Comments

i-Port: bidding farewell to injections during ovarian stimulation

At Instituto Bernabeu, we are bidding farewell to ovarian stimulation injections during courses of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. The clinic is launching an innovative device called i-Port Advance™ for self-administration of drugs using a system that is already used by diabetics and which is being put to gynaecological use. By using this device, Instituto Bernabeu is revolutionising the future of assisted reproduction and making administration of injectable drugs easier. In short, it takes the stress out of having to have one, or sometimes more than one, daily injection. […]

2018-04-24T12:46:08+00:0027 de April de 2018|0 Comments

Haemophilia, fertility and pregnancy

Haemophilia is a genetic and congenital disorder that affects coagulation. Blood does not coagulate properly and, as a result, people with haemophilia have haemorrhage or bleeding episodes of varying severity and in different areas that can arise spontaneously or following trauma.
There are three types of hereditary haemophilia: […]

2018-04-17T09:04:45+00:0017 de April de 2018|0 Comments

Mumps and male infertility

Parotitis, more commonly known as “mumps”, is a contagious viral disease that affects one or both parotid glands (major salivary glands) situated behind the ascending rami of the mandible. It is caused by the mumps virus and typically affects children and teenagers, although it may also cause infections in sensitive adults. In general, the disease produces lifetime immunity, and it may be prevented by the administration of the combined MMR vaccine. Mumps may affect other glands in the body, the central nervous system and the testicles. The most frequent complications are meningitis and testicular inflammation which may lead to infertility. This inflammation of the testicle is also known as mumps orchitis. It is not very frequent, affecting 1 per million inhabitants per year among the general population. […]

2018-04-05T09:14:33+00:006 de April de 2018|0 Comments

The advantages and disadvantages of transferring embryos during a natural or artificial cycle

Embryo transfer to the uterus is the pinnacle of all courses of assisted reproduction treatment. It cannot be left to chance. The endometrium needs to be receptive and facilitate embryo embedding.
The endometrium can be prepared with the aid of drugs (oestrogens) to simulate natural uterine behaviour – a substituted or artificial cycle – or transfer can be carried out whenever biologically most appropriate following ovulation – transfer during a natural cycle. […]

2018-03-28T12:54:41+00:0029 de March de 2018|0 Comments

Effects of advanced paternal age on fertility

Owing to sociocultural and economic factors, there has been a considerable increase in recent years in the number of men over the age of 35 who wish to have children. As a couple ages, the probability that they will experience reproductive problems increases. The negative effect of maternal age on fertility has been widely documented and we know that fertility diminishes drastically after the age of 39. Maternal aging is also associated with miscarriage, pregnancy complications, congenital anomalies and an increase in perinatal mortality.
However, few studies analyse the effect of  paternal age on success after the application of assisted reproduction technology (ART) and the results they provide are contradictory. It is true that the male reproductive function is less vulnerable than the female where the aging process is concerned, as is demonstrated by the fact that many babies have been born spontaneously to fathers who are in their seventies or eighties. However, some associations have been found in specific studies that relate a negative effect of advanced paternal age with: […]

2018-03-23T10:03:08+00:0023 de March de 2018|0 Comments

Relevance of reproductive counselling

Before seeking pregnancy, women generally plan their gestation and take nutritional supplements, such as folic acid, which is fundamental for the prevention of defects of the neural tube in the foetus.
For greater assurance that this stage will be happy and free from complications, it is important to undergo prior reproductive counselling. Furthermore, it is appropriate to consider the need for some kind of specific additional counselling, according to the characteristics of the case. […]

2018-03-14T10:36:37+00:0016 de March de 2018|0 Comments

Embryo transfer on day 4 – why not?

In most laboratories, embryo transfer traditionally takes place on day 2 to 3 of culture, or during blastocyst stage, whilst embryo transfer on day 4 is an alternative that has not commonly been adopted into laboratory practice.
When compared with embryo transfer during early stages, blastocyst transfer is generally accepted as superior. This is mainly for reasons of improved synchronisation between the embryo and the endometrium and more objective embryo selection once the genome has been activated. It means that a smaller number of embryos can be transferred, thus avoiding the risk of a multiple pregnancy. […]

2018-03-08T12:52:29+00:009 de March de 2018|0 Comments
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