A personal choice to become a single mother with the safety of assisted reproduction techniques
Some women chose to become mothers without having a male partner and turn to assisted reproductive techniques in order to achieve this goal. We see this at our practice as an increasingly common option taken by women.
The right for single women to undergo IVF to create a family was provided for under assisted reproduction legislation in 1988. However in recent years it has become an everyday occurrence.
Social changes especially in the workplace mean that many women are finding themselves at the end of their reproductive age and without a stable enough relationship in order to take on the commitment of having a child.
In other cases, it represents a clear decision by the women to have a child without a male partner having any rights or obligations vis-à-vis the child. Today we see many couples with children breaking up. To all this we must add that society's attitude towards single mothers has changed dramatically; from rejection in the past to understanding, acceptance and in many cases admiration for these women today.
At Instituto Bernabeu we have not been oblivious to this phenomenon and have learned early on to understand the special circumstances surrounding this group of patients. We have always understood that we need to offer more than just assisted reproduction treatments with high success rates. These women come to us after a long process of reflection and from the outset need understanding and support as their decision has not been an easy one. In addition, during the treatment using donor sperm from our bank, there are special circumstances for single women.
In addition to the scrupulous selection process and then allocation of a donor, we offer the mother-to-be choices between insemination techniques or In vitro fertilisation. The special emotional, financial, and work-related circumstances of each case will help in the choice of one technique over another. Our goal is very clear: to make the patient's journey as short and as pleasant as possible from the moment when she decides to become a single mother to when her child is born.
Artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID)
With the help of an ultrasound scan, we assess our patients’ ovarian reserve. If the reserve is normal, insemination is performed after a mild ovarian stimulation process. It is imperative to prevent a multiple pregnancy, not just for medical reasons but also in light of the professional and social conditions that having to take care of two newborns entails for single women.
After confirmation that the dominant ovarian follicle is developing satisfactorily (not more than two follicles larger than 18 millimetres to avoid the risk of a multiple pregnancy), ovulation is induced by recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and a single insemination is performed around 36 hours later. Fnd out more
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a technique whereby egg fertilization takes place outside the woman’s body. Embryos are created in the laboratory and then placed in the woman’s uterus to stimulate development and achieve pregnancy. This process involves numerous steps that must be correctly completed. Find out more
It is an option that many women who have to resort to donated eggs prefer. Because the embryo is generated earlier, the medical and financial costs are much lower.
In cases of embryo adoption, blood group and Rh compatibility is sought between the embryo and the mother. Endometrial preparation is performed either by hormone therapy with oestrogen and progesterone or by natural cycle control (no medication). Find out more
Egg donation is carried out with donor/receptor synchronisation and fresh eggs. Donors are stimulated by using a specific protocol and adjusting the doses in accordance with a number of factors. At the same time, the receptor’s endometrial preparation during a natural cycle or a replacement cycle is coordinated. The replacement cycle is performed by administering oestrogen and, subsequently, progesterone. Find out more