A personal choice to become a single mother with the safety of assisted reproduction techniques
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Single motherhood by choice: A change in society
Social changes especially in the workplace mean that many women are finding themselves at the end of their reproductive age and without a stable enough relationship in order to take on the commitment of having a child.
Nowadays we have to face many conflicts caused by the breakup of couples with children. We should add, however, a social acceptance for single mothers since a previous disapproval was replaced by understanding and, in many cases, admiration towards this personal choice.
Guide for women who decide to be a mother without a partner
Single motherhood at Instituto Bernabeu: A very special care
At Instituto Bernabeu we have not been oblivious to this phenomenon and have learned early on to understand the special circumstances surrounding this group of patients. We have always understood that we need to offer more than just assisted reproduction treatments with high success rates. These women come to us after a long process of reflection and from the outset need understanding and support as their decision has not been an easy one. In addition, during the treatment using donor sperm from our bank, there are special circumstances for single women.
In addition to the scrupulous selection process and then allocation of a donor, we offer the mother-to-be choices between insemination techniques or In vitro fertilisation. The special emotional, financial, and work-related circumstances of each case will help in the choice of one technique over another. Our goal is very clear: to make the patient's journey as short and as pleasant as possible from the moment when she decides to become a single mother to when her child is born.
Our donors: the most exhaustive selection process
Selection of the most appropriate donor including comprehensive medical and physical analyses and compatibility with the recipient patient
The trust that our patients place in us is a huge responsibility. This is why, from our point of view, selecting a donor is an all-encompassing process during which we analyse all possible aspects and go beyond what is stipulated by law. The large majority of semen donor candidates do not pass the strict psychological, genetics and medical tests that they have to take during our suitability checks. Only the most appropriate donors are added to our bank: only 9% in the case of semen donor candidates.
Scientific progress and technology continually provide us with new, additional analyses that give us greater peace of mind. Over the last few years, amongst others, we have included an analysis of sexually transmitted diseases, genetic analyses of the 600/2.500 most serious diseases that can be passed on to offspring and a blood analysis using CRP. Since the diagnosis is immediate, it provides us with additional confirmation of blood tests right when extraction takes place. All of this is provided at no additional cost to the patient.
Artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID)
AI consists of the introduction of sperm into the uterus in order to achieve pregnancy naturally, providing the fertilization inside the tubes. It does not require anaesthesia nor analgesia and it is not painful. At Instituto Bernabeu, the gynaecologist will previously assess the optimal moment to carry it out. Also, pharmacological ovarian stimulation is not always necessary. In the AI, tests can be requested to determine the permeability of the fallopian tubes. A pregnancy test is performed 15 days after insemination. Fnd out more
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
IVF is the most common procedure in reproductive medicine. Instituto Bernabeu personalizes the treatment with help of protocols that consider numerous factors such as: age, ovarian reserve, overall clinical history, previous analysis and, in some cases, the study of the genetics of the ovarian cells. All of this aims to avoiding the excesses of medication and the design of optimal hormonal doses to collect an appropriate number of oocytes. In the laboratory the eggs are fertilized with the sperm of an anonymous donor and usually only one embryo is transferred. Freezing the rest of the embryos, if there are any, allows the patient to undergo a single treatment and have the possibility of several pregnancies. After the fertilization of the oocytes, the transfer is usually performed in the blastocyst stage, when the embryo is between five and six days old.
IVF allows the preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or also called PGTA), a test that allows to know the chromosomal endowment of the embryo and, therefore, the selection of the most suitable embryos for the transfer. It reduces the risk of having children with chromosomal diseases as well as unsuccessful treatments that would end in implantation failure and miscarriage. Find out more
Double Donation IVF
Double donation is a use of gametes that come from an oocyte donor and a sperm donor. The embryo is implanted in its blastocyst stage. Given the exhaustive screening and controls carried out before the donation, we consider this technique as one with the highest percentage of success. Learn more
Embryo adoption is another option for women who have to turn into the treatment with donated eggs and sperm. Usually, the embryo comes from a previous double donation cycle which makes it less expensive. The preparation to receive the embryo is very easy and straightforward. Find out more