From the moment embryo transfer takes place up until the day when a woman takes a pregnancy test, a set of events aimed at achieving implantation (adherence of the embryo to the uterus) take place in the uterus and embryo. The process has traditionally been described as a dialogue and this is, indeed, a good way of explaining […]
Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is used in reproductive medicine as an ovarian reserve marker. This hormone is detected using a simple blood analysis and, in conjunction with a follicle count ultrasound scan on the ovaries, it helps us to predict a patient’s response to stimulation. This is mainly true when patients have a limited prognosis.
In any case, despite how […]
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome – or simply MRKH syndrome – is a congenital disorder (birth defect), the main characteristic of which is that the women who suffer from it do not have a uterus.
The cause of this infrequent condition (1 in 5,000 female births) is an abnormality during development of the internal genitalia during the embryo/foetus stage. As well as an […]
Infertility was a taboo subject until just a few years ago but nowadays it is common practice to turn to a reproductive medicine clinic for help when women are facing issues having children naturally. Instituto Bernabeu wants to give you a few rules of thumb for knowing when the time has come to visit a fertility clinic. […]
In vitro fertilisation treatment (IVF) techniques consist of fertilising oocytes with spermatozoa in a laboratory. They are held under conditions that are similar to their natural environment and, a few days later, the best embryo is selected and placed in the woman’s uterus where it remains until it implants. From this point on, monitoring procedures are the same as in any other spontaneous or natural pregnancy. […]
As is the case with all the organs in our bodies, over our lifetime, ovaries go through changes that affect not only their size but also how they perform. The ovaries are situated between the uterus and the fallopian tubes. They are essential to reproduction and, therefore, to the survival of the human race.
The ovaries begin to develop when female embryos are around 8 weeks old and during pregnancy they undergo a number of changes that prepare them for their role in reproduction when a woman is in her childbearing years. […]
The Fallopian tubes are two, very thin elongated structures measuring around 12 centimetres in length which connect the peritoneal cavity to the uterus. In this external abdominal part, they are in very close contact with the ovaries.
The Fallopian tubes play a vital role or function in human reproduction: in the first instance, they are responsible for suctioning the egg from the ovary each month and later for waiting 24-72 hours for fertilisation. Should this not happen, the egg is simply absorbed. If it is fertilised, the Fallopian tube allows the fertilised egg to travel to the uterus thanks to contractions and to the hair cells lining it. The fertilised egg (or zygote) remains in the Fallopian tube for around 48-72 hours on its journey to the uterus where it will eventually implant the embryo. […]
The tubes connecting the ovaries and the uterus are known as the Fallopian tubes (or uterine tubes). These structures play an essential role in natural reproduction and are responsible for receiving the egg each month and, furthermore, it is here that the union between egg and sperm takes place (fertilisation). They also enable the resulting embryo to be transported to the uterus which is where pregnancy will take place.
A hydrosalpinx is the result of an obstruction at the far ends of the Fallopian tubes which leads to the area becoming filled with liquid. This can lead to the Fallopian tubes becoming very swollen and distended, resulting in a ‘sausage-like’ appearance. In many cases, the obstruction and the liquid that has accumulated impair correct functioning of the Fallopian tube: semen does not travel up, the egg is not received by the tube and fertilisation does not take place, making achieving a natural pregnancy complicated (particularly so if both Fallopian tubes are affected). Alternatively, a hydrosalpinx can lead to pregnancy occurring within the tubes themselves (ectopic pregnancy). […]
Determining the ideal day for embryo transfer has always been a controversial issue and there are, even today, still a number of doubts surrounding this issue.
Embryo culture is, basically, a selection process. Each embryo’s progress is evaluated throughout and a decision is taken on which is most likely to implant successfully. […]
Endometriosis is the presence outside the uterus of tissue from the uterus known as the endometrium (the lining that covers the uterus where the embryo embeds). It can implant anywhere in the body, except the spleen. […]