The miracle of conception involves an intimate union between the ova and spermatozoon, appropriate evolution of the fertilised embryo and, furthermore, an ideal environment inside the uterus so that implantation can take place. Whilst this process might seem simple, it is much more complex than we might think, particularly in human beings. Only 30% of our conceptions end in […]
Infertility was a taboo subject until just a few years ago but nowadays it is common practice to turn to a reproductive medicine clinic for help when women are facing issues having children naturally. Instituto Bernabeu wants to give you a few rules of thumb for knowing when the time has come to visit a fertility clinic. […]
The extent of the issue
Obesity is a public health issue both in the general population and in women of childbearing age. Far from improving, the problem has progressively increased over the last few years.
A study published in the journal The Lancet concludes that 13% of the world population has weight
issues. In Spain, there is a growing […]
Egg donation has become an option for women who, for whatever reason, can no longer use their own ova. For example, due to poor ovarian reserve, poor oocyte quality and premature menopause.
The process is widely used in Spain. As well as exceeding organ
donations and transplants in number, we also have the largest number of egg
donors in Europe.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus and, during its most advanced stage of infection, it leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Whilst there is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS, antiretroviral treatments do exist that stop the symptoms from developing or delay them until later. As such, we come across increasing numbers of couples of childbearing age who wish to have children and in which one of the partners is a carrier of the virus. […]
Fragile X syndrome is one of the most common causes of hereditary intellectual disability.
The gene responsible for the disease is known as FMR1 and it is found in the X sex chromosome. As a result, both the transmission and the severity of the disorder varies in each sex. As a general rule, men are said to suffer from it whilst women are said to transmit it.
There is a repeat region in the FMR1 gene (expansion) and its size determines whether or not the individual has the disorder or not, as indicated below. […]
The spermatozoa in ejaculate need to have gone through a process known as sperm capacitation in order to obtain the ability to fertilise. This happens naturally in the female reproductive system and techniques in order to make it happen in the laboratory have been undergoing development for many years. […]
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nowadays between 10 and 15% of couples have fertility issues and between 30 and 35% of the reasons for infertility can be found in the male partner. Therefore, improving semen quality is one of the main concerns amongst couples with reproduction issues. […]