When good quality embryos do not implant correctly or lead to pregnancy loss, in vitro fertilisation (IVF) does not provide us with the results we had hoped for. This is often because the embryo is a carrier of abnormal chromosomes. Fortunately, in our clinic, we have access to the very latest in embryo chromosome diagnosis techniques such as array CGH and next generation sequencing (NGS). We can use this technology to detect abnormalities in the embryo that will cause pregnancy loss or that will lead to the birth of a child with chromosomal abnormalities such as Down’s Syndrome, also known as trisomy 21. As such, we can use these techniques to select and transfer the embryos with the greatest chance of leading to the birth of healthy child. […]
Before establishing the biological origin differences between identical and fraternal twins, let’s make a quick note on the etymology of both words.
Etymologically both terms have the same origin (Latin gemellicium) and were used interchangeably to refer to children born in the same delivery. The only difference was the use of the term fraternal twin in the popular speech twin and identical twin in the cultivated speech. However, the semantic evolution of both words has been accompanied by the numerous advances in the field of genetics and knowledge of the development of the human embryo. In fact, since they differ in the latest edition of the dictionary of the RAE: […]