After ovulation, follicles transform into the corpus luteum or ‘yellow body’. Corpus luteum development depends on the luteinising hormone (LH) surge before ovulation and on the number of receptors for this gonadotropin in the granulosa cells and in the theca cells. Both types of cells go through significant changes in structure and composition and this turns the walls of the corpus […]
What are ovarian follicles?
To start with, let’s state what follicles are not. Follicles are not oocytes (eggs). Many patients confuse these terms, believing that follicle equals oocyte.
The female gamete is the egg, and the male gamete is the sperm. These are the cells involved in embryos obtained after fertilization.
The follicle is a functional anatomical structure which […]
Ovarian reserve is a widely used concept in assisted reproduction but patients do not always know the meaning of the results and their clinical implications. A woman’s ovarian reserve refers to the total number of eggs in their ovaries and provides information regarding their reproductive future and their replication potential. […]