The human genome is composed of 20,000 genes. Genes contain information for synthesising all the proteins in our bodies and these proteins carry out various biological functions. The information is contained in regions called exons and they are separated by regions called introns that do not contain any information. The complete set of exons in our genome […]
Ova and spermatozoa are needed in order to be able to perform in vitro fertilisation treatment. They are taken to the in vitro fertilisation laboratory so that, once they have been appropriately prepared, they can be joined together and fertilise.
Unfortunately, biology is not an exact science and the uniting a spermatozoon and an ovum does not always create an […]
Infertility was a taboo subject until just a few years ago but nowadays it is common practice to turn to a reproductive medicine clinic for help when women are facing issues having children naturally. Instituto Bernabeu wants to give you a few rules of thumb for knowing when the time has come to visit a fertility clinic. […]
Egg donation has become an option for women who, for whatever reason, can no longer use their own ova. For example, due to poor ovarian reserve, poor oocyte quality and premature menopause.
The process is widely used in Spain. As well as exceeding organ
donations and transplants in number, we also have the largest number of egg
donors in Europe.
1 . Does it hurt?
Egg Retrieval is painless. It is carried out by means of a simple vaginal procedure, and the patient is lightly sedated.
2. What’s the right age for preserving my eggs?
Whilst there is no minimum nor maximum age, it is advisable to undergo the procedure before 35 years of age in order to obtain a sufficient number of good quality eggs because, from 35 years of age onwards, there tends to be a decrease in both their quantity and quality. […]
The question of relationships between blood relatives has been approached in many different ways throughout the course of history. There have been times when relationships of this kind have been commonly accepted, whilst at other times they have been prohibited for moral, religious or even scientific reasons.
Relationships between blood relatives were actively encouraged in some primitive cultures in order to promote clan unity. For example, marriage between members of the same family in ancient Egypt. The legislation in a large number of US States currently prohibits and actively pursues relationships between first cousins. […]
Genetics guidance is the exchange through which an expert in genetics provides patients and their families with information and support on a genetic condition, inheriting that condition, the risk of recurrence and the implications for the individual and his or her family.
The aim of genetics guidance is to support the decision-making process whilst taking the patient’s values and beliefs into account, and to proceed based on the decision taken.
In the specific case of reproduction guidance, it is a question of guiding couples who are in a reproductive stage of their lives and who wish to have children and/or who are currently expecting a child. Therefore, we generally have two types of patients who need reproduction guidance. Whilst there are fundamental differences between the two, the aims of the guidance process remain the same and include: […]
Thanks to the donor DNA storage bank at Instituto Bernabeu, patients who need to make use of donated gametes for their fertility treatment may, at any time, make a request (further to egg donor consent) for necessary genetics studies to be carried out with a view to preventing and adequately treating any conditions that may affect their children […]
It is thought that about 20% of the reproductive problems are genetic or chromosomal. That is why the genetic testing is now an essential part of the fertility study carried out on couples who come to our centre for help to have children. […]
What are genetics and epigenetics?
Genetics and epigenetics are two, closely-related branches of biology. The former is much more well known and consists of studying how hereditary characteristics are passed on from generation to generation. DNA is the molecule in which genetic information is stored in a 4-letter code: A, C, G and T. The combination of letters is not a matter of chance. On the contrary, they combine in a precise manner because, in living things, the 4 letters make up the code for generating the instructions (genes) for synthesising all proteins. This DNA is in the nucleus of the cells linked to the histones around which DNA wraps itself, as if it were a spool of thread. […]