dr lydia luque

The impact of Turner syndrome on women

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by partial or total loss of one of the X chromosomes.
All human beings have 23 pairs of chromosomes and this is what is known as the karyotype. It is where all genetic information is stored. In other words, it is what determines our external appearance, our personal physical characteristics, how our organs work, whether or not we will have certain illnesses and so on. There are 22 pairs of numerical chromosomes ranging from 1 to 22 and one pair of sex chromosomes: X and Y. Women have two X chromosomes – one from their father and one from their mother. Men have one X chromosome – from their mother – and one Y chromosome – from their father. If, when a female embryo is generated, incorrect division leading to total or partial loss of the X chromosome takes place, this generates an abnormal karyotype that is characteristic of women with Turner syndrome. The syndrome, by definition, does not occur in males because they only have one X chromosome and cannot live unless this chromosome is present. […]

2018-11-14T11:19:07+02:0016 de November de 2018|1 Comment

What are the causes of recurrent pregnancy loss?

Spontaneous abortion is defined as an unexpected pregnancy loss before the foetus is viable. In other words, before week 22 of pregnancy and under 500g in weight. The frequency rate of spontaneous abortion is estimated to be between 15 and 20% amongst the general population and it is the most common of all complications during pregnancy.
A small percentage (between 2 and 5%) of cases are recurrent and this is what is known as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). […]

2018-09-11T17:49:04+02:0014 de September de 2018|0 Comments

Can we have a healthy child if we have hepatitis?

Hepatitis is severe or chronic inflammation of the liver.
There are several possible causes including infections (viral, bacterial or parasitic).
The most common cause is a viral infection and, within these, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses are of particular relevance. It is possible to get infected as a result of contact in blood and contaminated objects (unsterilised surgical material, syringes or needles), due to sexual transmission through mucous membranes and so-called vertical transmission (transmission from mother to child, particularly during childbirth). The chances of this type of transmission are the same in both vaginal and caesarean births. […]

2018-05-10T09:21:56+02:0010 de May de 2018|0 Comments

Haemophilia, fertility and pregnancy

Haemophilia is a genetic and congenital disorder that affects coagulation. Blood does not coagulate properly and, as a result, people with haemophilia have haemorrhage or bleeding episodes of varying severity and in different areas that can arise spontaneously or following trauma.
There are three types of hereditary haemophilia: […]

2018-04-17T09:04:45+02:0017 de April de 2018|0 Comments

Is ovary size important?

As is the case with all the organs in our bodies, over our lifetime, ovaries go through changes that affect not only their size but also how they perform. The ovaries are situated between the uterus and the fallopian tubes. They are essential to reproduction and, therefore, to the survival of the human race.
The ovaries begin to develop when female embryos are around 8 weeks old and during pregnancy they undergo a number of changes that prepare them for their role in reproduction when a woman is in her childbearing years. […]

2017-12-14T13:19:18+02:008 de September de 2017|0 Comments

A negative beta hCG test. Now what?

What happens following the wait (‘the beta hCG wait’) which generates so much anxiety whilst, at the same time, creating the hope that our lives may be changed forever when, in the end, the result is negative?
Many patients say that the absence of symptoms meant that they knew what was coming; others were also expecting the worst because they had begun to bleed prior to getting the result of the analysis.
It’s important to point out that the presence or absence of ‘symptoms’ which women associate with pregnancy are not a means of diagnosis. It’s also important to clarify that vaginal bleeding of varying intensity is not infrequent prior to the programmed pregnancy test date and this does not necessarily mean that the result will be negative. Indeed, the results obtained from an analysis of the pregnancy hormone in blood is the only reliable proof available. A urine analysis is also an option but needs to be carried out a little later on and is not one hundred percent reliable. […]

2016-12-09T11:09:28+02:009 de December de 2016|0 Comments

Single mother by choice

The increase in new types of family units over the last few decades has been one of the world’s most significant changes. For various reasons, the single parent family is one of the most common of these new models.
We are talking, in this case, about single parent families in which a woman has taken the […]

2016-01-26T09:56:10+02:0026 de January de 2016|0 Comments

Egg donation at Instituto Bernabeu

Since 1988, egg donation has been legally regulated in Spain. It is a well-controlled and anonymous process that can be carried out thanks to the solidarity of many people. We should bear in mind that Spain is the leading country in terms of organ donation, including egg donation and blood donation, which is quite common in our country. […]

2016-09-22T12:23:36+02:0015 de October de 2012|2 Comments
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