Hepatitis is severe or chronic inflammation of the liver.
There are several possible causes including infections (viral, bacterial or parasitic).
The most common cause is a viral infection and, within these, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses are of particular relevance. It is possible to get infected as a result of contact in blood and contaminated objects (unsterilised surgical material, syringes or needles), due to sexual transmission through mucous membranes and so-called vertical transmission (transmission from mother to child, particularly during childbirth). The chances of this type of transmission are the same in both vaginal and caesarean births. […]