Pregnancy

Bleeding with pregnancy loss in the first trimester of pregnancy

What
is the first trimester bleeding?

The
appearance of bleeding through the vagina at any moment of the pregnancy is
called pregnancy metrorrhagia or obstetric metrorrhagia.

It
is always a sign of alarm and always needs medical assessment.

It
can appear at any week of the pregnancy. We will now speak about bleeding or metrorrhagia with pregnancy
loss in the first trimester, which […]

2020-07-07T14:49:06+02:007 de July de 2020|0 Comments

Embryo implantation bleeding

What is implantation bleeding?

Implantation is the process
through which an embryo starts its development in the maternal uterus and it
sometimes causes a bleeding. The implantation is caused by the growth of the
embryo -which is already in blastocyst stage
by the moment it arrives to the endometrium- enabling it to implant in the
walls of the uterus, and thus, […]

2020-07-09T18:01:26+02:0015 de June de 2020|0 Comments

What is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)? Is PGD indicated in all patients?

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a very useful tool in Assisted Reproduction for the genetic selection of embryos prior to their transfer to the maternal uterus. It allows the selection of healthy embryos for a large number of diseases and alterations, thus avoiding the transmission of hereditary diseases and the transfer of embryos that would […]

2020-06-11T11:37:26+02:0011 de June de 2020|0 Comments

Embryo fragmentation

Embryo fragmentation is a phenomenon that takes place in most embryos and its origin is not entirely clear. Some studies would seem to suggest that the fragments come from cell remains that have no nucleus or that they are the result of the decomposition of one or more cells from the embryo itself. The oocyte plays the most important role in fragmentation. Poor oocyte quality can lead to embryos that are highly fragmented. Embryo quality is determined by several characteristics such as the number of cells, their size or if the cell interior has an abnormality of any kind such as granularity or vacuolisation.

Types of embryo fragmentation

However, one of the factors that has most impact on embryo quality is the extent of fragmentation. Based on the amount, in percentage, of space that it occupies, fragmentation is categorised into 4 types or degrees.

[…]

2020-07-01T17:17:05+02:001 de June de 2020|0 Comments

A negative beta hCG test. Now what?

What happens following the wait (‘the beta hCG wait’) which generates so much anxiety whilst, at the same time, creating the hope that our lives may be changed forever when, in the end, the result is negative?

Many patients say that the absence of symptoms meant that they knew what was coming; Others were also expecting the worst because they had begun to bleed prior to getting the result of the analysis.

Presence or absence of pregnancy symptoms

It’s important to point out that the presence, or absence of ‘symptoms’ which women associate with pregnancy, are not a means of diagnosis. It’s also important to clarify that vaginal bleeding of varying intensity is not infrequent prior to the programmed pregnancy test date and this does not necessarily mean that the result will be negative. Indeed, the results obtained from an analysis of the pregnancy hormone in blood, is the only reliable proof available. A urine analysis is also an option, but needs to be carried out a little later on and is not one hundred percent reliable.

[…]

2020-06-29T17:23:56+02:0017 de May de 2020|0 Comments

How many eggs on average are donated on an Egg Donation treatment at Instituto Bernabeu?

In Spain, we performed 40% of all egg donation cycles in Europe. The experience accumulated at Instituto Bernabeu in the last decades, allows us to offer to our patients a high quality and personalized treatment.

When a patient decides to go for an Egg Donation treatment, a chain work is set in the organization, in which we guarantee a commitment of trust, reliability and professional quality.  Matching the donor to each recipient patient allows a better quality and larger number of oocytes to be donated. We guarantee a minimum of 8 donated oocytes and a statistical average of 11.

Why an “x” number of eggs are donated? Why not only one?

[…]

2020-06-02T11:53:04+02:0010 de May de 2020|0 Comments

Blocked fallopian tube. The involvement of “tubal factor” in fertility

The Fallopian tubes are trumpet-shaped structures that begin in the uterine cavity and end up opening by the ovaries. After ovulation, the fallopian tubes collect the released egg that is fertilized on the first portion, which is the closest part to the ovary. For this, the spermatozoa travel through the vagina, the cervix, the uterine cavity, and finally the route to the end of the tube. After fertilization occurs, the embryo (fertilized egg) launches its first divisions and travels through the fallopian tube towards the uterus where implantation occur and thus the establishment of pregnancy.

[…]

2020-07-02T13:49:21+02:004 de May de 2020|0 Comments

Nutrition and exercise during quarantine for pregnant women

During
pregnancy, the future mother undergoes many hormonal changes. In addition, it
is important to attend to the nutritional needs given the new situation of home
isolation due to COVID-19.

It is important to follow a healthy diet, ensuring that both the mother and the baby receive the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals.

If the expectant mother does not have […]

2020-05-04T15:20:01+02:0020 de April de 2020|0 Comments

Breast Feeding and COVID-19. Is it safe for newborns?

Given the pandemic we are living in, it is very important to safeguard breastfeeding. To stop breastfeeding in the face of the coronavirus (COVID19) may pose more risk than benefit for both the mother and the newborn.

UNICEF, the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, WHO as well as the CDC report that the virus has not been […]

2020-05-04T15:20:47+02:0015 de April de 2020|0 Comments

How does coronavirus (COVID-19) affect pregnant women?

On March 17 the SEGO (Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics) sent to all of its associates the Technical Document for the Management of pregnant women and newborns with COVID-19.

They are,
it warned, recommendations being reviewed continuously, subject to modification
if the epidemiological situation and the therapeutic options require it. The
document stated the following:

Management of a COVID-19 […]

2020-03-20T15:13:03+02:0020 de March de 2020|0 Comments
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