Lesbian motherhood

Sexual reproduction requires the interaction of two germ cells: one female cell and one male cell inside the female genital organs. However sexuality, marital status and the desire to procreate do not have to be based on these basic biological truths.

These days we are faced with such heterogeneous situations and wishes that require specific responses, such as pregnancy between two women.

assisted reproduction techniques in spain


  • What are Assisted Reproduction Techniques? We can define them as being a combination of treatments used to achieve pregnancy in which the germ cells require specific handling in the laboratory.
  • Which treatments can I use? This depends on your specific circumstances; for this reason it is advised that you make an appointment with us to go over the medical and legal matters of your case.
  • What are the success rates? Success rates depend on each particular case and so it is hard to generalise. We can give you a clear prognosis only after a thorough personal evaluation.


According to current legislation, “A woman can undergo the techniques regulated under this Law regardless of marital status and sexual orientation.” Thus, the right to maternity is protected for all women; and more importantly, not only for motives of sterility.

Therefore all women can enjoy unlimited access to Assisted Reproduction Techniques provided that they are of legal age and in good psychophysical health:

  • Single women.
  • Women in civil partnerships.
  • Married women.

It should be noted that surrogacy in Spain is expressly prohibited.

Donor Sperm

Donations are anonymous in Spain, so it is up to the medical team treating the patient to select an appropriate donor who has been through an exhaustive selection process. According to Spanish Law, “In the application of Assisted Reproduction Techniques, only the medical team administering the treatment may select the sperm donor and the anonymous nature of the donation must be protected at all times. At no time should the donor be personally selected by request of the recipient”. Furthermore, “the medical team should always strive for the closest match with the recipient female regarding physical characteristics and blood group”. Spanish Law defines gamete and pre-embryo donation as a free, confidential and formal (written) contract agreed upon between the donor and the authorised centre. This contract is only revocable if the donor wishes to keep the donated gametes for himself and these have not already been used in a treatment cycle.

Donors must be of legal age, fully aware of the implications of the donation and in good psychophysical health. The centre must also fulfil a strict donor protocol for data related to the donors’ health and physical characteristics.

The maximum number of children born using gametes of one donor permitted by Spanish Law is 6. Therefore, donors must reveal whether they have donated previously, when they have done so and at which centres.

For same-sex couples who wish to undertake Assisted Reproduction Treatments, we must take into consideration that the Law requires not only the informed consent of the female undertaking the Assisted Reproduction Technique, but also that of her female partner.

For single women, the Law establishes that as long as she is of legal age and in good psychophysical health, she can receive Assisted Reproduction Treatments without any limitations.

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