Ovarian stimulation: What is it? Are there any risks involved?

During the first few days of a period, a complex process takes place in the ovaries. The first step is to gather and initiate development in several follicles that contain eggs. Following this, only one egg is selected and it then develops. A mature egg is released during ovulation.
[…]

The 600 recessive disorders detected by the Genetic Compatibility Test (GCT)

Nowadays, all couples who wish to avoid passing on genetic disorders to their children can choose to do so through a Genetic Compatibility Test (GCT), also known as Prenatal Recessive Disorder Screening.
The Instituto Bernabeu GCT is a groundbreaking analysis that uses next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) through which we study 555 genetic mutations which cause over 600 autosomal recessive disorders in a simple blood sample.

Below you will find the mutations analysed:
[…]

The immune system and pregnancy

Numerous factors are involved in making the amazing miracle of pregnancy possible. Many of them are very well understood whilst others, such as the immune system and its role in embryo implantation, given their importance, are still being studied and researched in depth. If the immune system is what protects the body against infection and diseases thanks to its defences, what role does it play in achieving pregnancy? […]

Embryo transfer on day 3 or day 5. The pros and cons.

Determining the ideal day for embryo transfer has always been a controversial issue and there are, even today, still a number of doubts surrounding this issue.
Embryo culture is, basically, a selection process. Each embryo’s progress is evaluated throughout and a decision is taken on which is most likely to implant successfully. […]

Obesity and embryo implantation failure

It has long been known that patients who are overweight face increased reproduction and pregnancy loss issues.
Issues achieving a successful pregnancy are even greater if, as well as being obese, the patient also has illnesses such as diabetes, thyroid issues or other metabolic disorders (refer to further information on endocrinology and pregnancy).
However, little was known about the direct effect of obesity on endometrial receptivity and successful or unsuccessful embryo implantation. […]

Hyperprolactinaemia: excess of prolactin and fertility

Prolactin is a hormone that is produced by the   pituitary gland and although it also forms part of the   stress hormone circuit, it plays a vital role in breast development during pregnancy and the production of breast milk after giving birth.
Abnormally high levels of prolactin, which is referred to as hyperprolactinemia, causes disruptions in the normal menstrual cycle, anovulatory cycles, infertility and the   production and spontaneous flow of breast milk in women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding a baby. […]

Calculating ovulation: the best time to get pregnant

One of the most frequently asked questions among couples is how to calculate the most fertile days of the cycle and when ovulation will take place in order to make this coincide with sexual intercourse. Calculating it is simple in the case of regular, 28-day cycles. […]

Poor Ovarian Response: progress in genetics

Ovarian stimulation is key in results obtained as a results of assisted reproduction techniques. Daily clinical practice shows us that ovarian response can vary substantially from one woman to another. With this in mind, we can diagnose a patient as a poor responder when three eggs or less are obtained.
This situation affects more and more women every day. They require specialised healthcare and personalised protocols and, in response to this need, Instituto Bernabeu has a Poor Ovarian Response Unit that deals with multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.
For patients under this category, obtaining one or more eggs can mean the difference between failure and pregnancy and this makes any steps taken to increase the number of available eggs absolutely essential. […]

Recurrent pregnancy loss: an issue that does have a solution

Clearly one of the most difficult situations a couple trying for children may have to face is pregnancy loss. Suffering is even greater when, prior to this, the couple has gone through fertility treatment such as in vitro fertilisation, insemination or egg donation.
Pregnancy loss is not always the result of an illness or underlying abnormality. It can be the response nature provides in order to block the development of an abnormal embryo. In fact, when the tissue from the pregnancy loss is examined, a large number of chromosomal abnormalities can be detected. […]

Motherhood at the age of 40

Trying for a child after 40 years of age is a growing trend in today’s society and not only in Spain, but in Europe, too. Professional, personal and social reasons have joined together in making women decide to put motherhood off for longer and longer. But nature takes its course and each woman is only fertile for a certain period of time and this can affect her chances of getting pregnant. In the light of such a common situation, what do we need to take into account? What is the key role played by experts in health and fertility?
Since 2002, the average age at which a woman has her first child has increased two years. Whilst in 2002 the average age was 29, the Spanish National Statistics Institute’s most recent figures show that it has now gone up to 31 and that there is an upward trend.  This increase in the age at which women have their first child is similar to the increase in other European Union countries where an increase of around two years has been registered. Figures show that women are waiting until they are near their 40s and even older before trying to get pregnant. […]