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Umbilical cord blood | Instituto Bernabeu



Umbilical cord blood

The umbilical cord blood contains a big quantity of ″stem cells″. These cells have the capability to multiply and differentiate in order to regenerate different tissues and organs. And unlike the stem cells located somewhere else, the ones in the cord are more immature and younger, which implies that their multiplying capacity is higher.

And all in all, the main characteristic if one has their own stem cells is the absolute histological compatibility in case they are used in the future.

The collection of the cord blood occurs in the labour, in a simple and painless way. After the child is born and after the umbilical cord section, a simple puncture of this cord is carried out while the placenta has not become detached yet and it is still in the uterus.

There are nowadays many illnesses that are treated using these cells, specially the haematological ones; leukaemia′s, myelomas, anemies. However, all the hopes are set in the investigation, to be precise in the regenerative medicine field, treatments of the immune system and therapies against cancer.

There are nowadays public cord banks where they are donated in an altruistic way, for universal and anonymous use. Recently, private cord banks have been created in Spain, the only way to guarantee that in the future one can have their own samples.

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